Hajimemashite - Nice to meet you. (only for the first time you meet)
わたし は つきしろ さくら です
どうぞ よろしく おねがいしまう
わたし は げんき です
Genki desu - I am doing well
わたし は げんき じゃ ない です
Genki ja nai desu - I'm not doing well
I don't really like to show information with out doing a lesson on it.. but it cant be helped. As you can see, same as in lesson 1 there is "ha" pronounced as "wa". For now just memorize these phrases. Understanding will come later. Don't get me wrong, i love to explain sentence structure. If all the Japanese you know is just a bunch of phrases... you don't know Japanese. But don't worry >=D! I'm here for you <33
These are suffixes: used after a persons name.
Is a word of the highest respect even above sama, it roughly mean "lord" or "master".
This word is traditionally know as the word "teacher", and it is, however you also use this word for doctors, or anyone else who is skilled in their profession.
This word is the most common suffix. You use it with anyone older than you, strangers, and anyone you want to show respect to.
This word is used for upperclassman. Anyone who is a grade or more higher than you, you can use "Senpai". Also it can be used for someone more skilled than you are at work, a person that has been there longer.
This word can be used toward girls and boys. First, this suffix may be used to boys younger than yourself, or a male your own age. Second, Teachers and such may use this suffix after their students name regardless of gender.
This word can be used toward girls and boys.
First, this suffix may be used to boys younger than yourself, or a male your own age. Second, Teachers and such may use this suffix after their students name regardless of gender.
This suffix is generally said by children or to children, but highschool girls also call their "girl" friends with this suffix too. It could also be used toward boys but it's generally used with a cute nick name. Also it can be used with a pet's name.
Kana is hiragana and katakana, and I'm sure it includes furigana too. But before I explain what kana is, let me tell you WHY kana was is.
Most people know that the Japanese use a writing system called kanji. Kanji originated in
Kana is used to fill in the areas that kanji couldn't handle alone. Don't get scared, you don't need to learn kanji yet. A person needs to know about 2,000 kanji to be doing well in
Hiragana is the writing style Japanese people write with to write Japanese or Chinese originated words.
Katakana is used for writing foreign words coming from different countries like
Furigana is the little hiragana and katakana that is seen above kanji, so children who don't know kanji can read it. Since I know very little kanji, furigana is really useful to be able to read some books. However furigana isn't everywhere, so Kanji will eventually be needed.
Learning hiragana and katakana
It is extremely important to learn kana. Anyone striving to learn a language must be able to read and write it. Below there are lists all the kana you need to know. Of hiragana and katakana there are about 46 main symbols that you need to know. The rest are either modified with "ten ten", "maru", or are glides.
(If you see little boxes above, then the Japanese language pack is not installed on your computer.)
Here the first one is a "ha", then 2nd one is a "pa". The little circle in the top right of the "pa" is called "maru". It makes a "ha" into a "pa" etc.
き plus や equals きゃ
Glides are made with any
き し ち に ひ み り ぎ じ び ぴ
や ゆ よ.
To make kya,sha, cha, nya,hya, mya, rya, gya, ja, bya, pya etc.
きゃ しゃ ちゃ にゃ ひゃ みゃ りゃ ぎゃ じゃ びゃ ぴゃ
All the highlighted ones need explaining.
し is "shi" not "si".
ち is "chi" not "ti".
つ is"tsu" not "tu".
ふ is "fu" not "hu", well when you pronounce it, it's like a really strong "hu" sound, so they changed it to "fu" to make it easyer.
ん is just "n".
The yellow highlighted hiragana means an irregularity. Bothじ &ぢ mean ji. And づ means zu, like ず however づ is the irregular one. づ is used with special words. It's nothing big to worry about now though.
The next bunch are called glides.
They are made with any
き し ち に ひ み り ぎ じ び ぴ
や ゆ よ.
They make kyu,shu, chu, nyu, hyu, myu, ryu, gyu, ju, byu, pyu etc.
きゅ しゅ ちゅ にゅ ひゅ みゅ りゅ ぎゅ じゅ びゅ ぴゅ