Japanese made easy!

                                          Lesson 2
                                         Greetings
 
(Click on the words to hear them)
 
 Good morning  - Ohayou Gozaimasu!   おはよう ございます

Informal: Ohayou おはよう
 
 Good afternoon - Konnichiha こんにちは
 
Good evening - Konbanha  こんばんは
 
Good night - Oyasumi nasai  おやすみなさい

 Informal: Oyasumi おやすみ
 

Japanese Greetings flashcards from pretymisty14 on FlashcardDB.

 
 
 
 
 If you wondering why Konnichiha is spelled with a "ha" not a "wa" that's because I don't really believe in babying people.  Though you may see the ha particle as wa some where on my site, however generally i don't write wa for ha. 
 
If you have no idea what I'm talking about... don't worry, The particle lesson is not far away.  Just know that the particle "ha" is said as "wa" but not written that way.  Its to differentiate the particle from the actual symbol used in a word. 
 
And to further clarify why there even is a particle in a greeting is, the origin of the word.  Konnichiha comes from when people used to say, "Kono nichi ha?"  meaning "How is your day.  That's also a reason why konnichiha means good after noon, and not "hi"...
The same goes for Konbanha, it used to be: "Kono ban ha?" as in "How is your evening"  
 <<; And since we are at it.. I'll tell you the origins of Ohayou as well.  Ohayou comes from when people used to say, "Ohayaku okimashita ne" which basically means "You work up early huh", or more of a bad translation is, "Its good that you woke up early".
 
Arg..... And since i have you everything else... Might as well tell you about Oyasumi nasai...  I don't know any history on it...Oyasuminasai just literally means "go to bed/ rest" and oyasumi just means, "rest".  This greeting probably came from when a mother would tell a child to go to bed, they would say "Oyasuminasai" telling them to go to bed.  And i guess over time it just became common for people to say it regularly to everyone before bed.  
 
>.< I'm sorry if that's too much writing =X I don't even know if anyone will read my explanations >.<;;;;; Its just how things worked out D=....
 
 
 
                                  Simple Introduction
(Click on the words to hear them)

                            Hajimemashite - Nice to meet you.  (only for the first time you meet) 

はじめまして

Watashi no namae ha Sakura desu. - My name is Sakura. 
 
 わたし の なまえ は さくら です
 
 Watashi ha Sakura desu - I am Sakura
 
わたし は さくら です 
 
Where I wrote "Sakura", you write your name. 
Also geneally use put last name then first name if your giving you full name.   
 
Watashi ha Tsukishiro Sakura desu - I am Sakura Tsukishiro

わたし は つきしろ さくら です

 
                  DON'T EVER use "San" after your own name... 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                    Watashi ha Sakura desu           Good           O            (maru)
 
                                                    Watashi ha Sakura san desu      BAD           X           (batsu)
 
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
Douzo  Yoroshiku  OnegaishimasuPlease treat me favorably/well/good
 

どうぞ よろしく おねがいしまう

The longer the phrase is, the more formal is it.  You can just say "Yoroshiku onegaishimasu"
or for a more informal setting you can say, "yoroshiku". 
If you recall i wrote "yoroshiku" after my name on the home page =D. 
 
In many of those phrase books and on some sites, you will sometimes see yoroshiku onegaishimasu translated as "nice to meet you" this is wrong... and its not really worth ranting over one phrase so... Just don't believe everything you read in those dumb phrase books.. also this phrase is very cultural.  That's why it cant be translated well.  Also its not used only in this context.  
 
 
Onamae ha nan desu ka? -What is your name?
 
おなまえ は なん です か?
 
  Namae ha? -What is your name?
 
 なまえ は
 
 Genki desu ka?- How are you?/ Are you doing well?
 
げんき です か?
 
 Watashi ha genki desu - I am doing well

わたし は げんき です   

    Genki desu - I am doing well

     げんき です   

 
 Watashi ha genki ja nai desu - I'm not doing well

        たし は げんき じゃ ない です

 Genki ja nai desu - I'm not doing well

げんき じゃ ない です
 
 
 
When the subject is assumed/ known.  The subject being "I" for example.  You don't need to say "watashi ha".  In fact if you do say "watashi ha" too much it irritates Japanese people.  However if your really wanting to learn Japanese and stick with good lessons, you will be just fine.  Its good not to overly worry about things, how ever try not to do things that people say are a no no... Like using "San" after your own name.... That's just wrong..  

I don't really like to show information with out doing a lesson on it.. but it cant be helped.  As you can see, same as in lesson 1 there is "ha" pronounced as "wa".  For now just memorize these phrases.  Understanding will come later.  Don't get me wrong, i love to explain sentence structure.  If all the Japanese you know is just a bunch of phrases... you don't know Japanese.  But don't worry >=D! I'm here for you <33         

 
                                       Honorifics

 These are suffixes: used after a persons name.

(Click on the words to hear them)

どの Dono

Is a word of the highest respect even above sama, it roughly mean "lord" or "master".

さま Sama 

This is a word of  high respect.  You use this with very important people.  Also a maid may use this term to the people she works for.
 
 
Is a combinations of chan and sama, it is used for respecting important young people/children
 

 せんせい Sensei

This word is traditionally know as the word "teacher", and it is, however you also use this word for doctors, or anyone else who is skilled in their profession.

さん San

 This word is the most common suffix. You use it with anyone older than you, strangers, and anyone you want to show respect to.

Han  

 This suffix is the same level of respect as san, except mostly only people from kyoto use it.

せんぱいSenpai

This word is used for upperclassman. Anyone who is a grade or more higher than you, you can use "Senpai". Also it can be used for someone more skilled than you are at work, a person that has been there longer.

 くんKun

This word can be used toward girls and boys.

First, this suffix may be used to boys younger than yourself, or a male your own age.  Second, Teachers and such may use this suffix after their students name regardless of gender.  

     ちゃんChan  ^-^

 This suffix is generally said by children or to children, but highschool girls also call their "girl" friends with this suffix too. It could also be used toward boys but it's generally used with a cute nick name.  Also it can be used with a pet's name.

 
 
                                    Intro to Kana
 
Kana? What’s kana?
 

    Kana is hiragana and katakana, and I'm sure it includes furigana too.  But before I explain what kana is, let me tell you WHY kana was is.  

     Most people know that the Japanese use a writing system called kanji. Kanji originated in China.  The Japanese didn't have a writing system, so because of the Chinese influence, they adopted it as their own.  Although they put Japanese words to the kanji changing the meaning of each kanji from the Chinese. However Kanji alone wasn't enough, the Japanese needed something more to help form the sentences they wrote, so kana was born!   

     Kana is used to fill in the areas that kanji couldn't handle alone. Don't get scared, you don't need to learn kanji yet. A person needs to know about 2,000 kanji to be doing well in Japan. And I believe there are 500 kanji needed to just barely get by. But that’s not this lesson.  It’s possible to write in kana and be perfectly understood. Kanji is preferred but not needed.

Hiragana is the writing style Japanese people write with to write Japanese or Chinese originated words.

Katakana is used for writing foreign words coming from different countries like America, France, Italy etc.

ex.           cola - koora
                taxi -takushi 
                orange- orenji
                beer- biiru

 

Furigana is the little hiragana and katakana that is seen above kanji, so children who don't know kanji can read it.  Since I know very little kanji, furigana is really useful to be able to read some books. However furigana isn't everywhere, so Kanji will eventually be needed.

Learning hiragana and katakana

    It is extremely important to learn kana.  Anyone striving to learn a language must be able to read and write it.  Below there are lists all the kana you need to know.  Of hiragana and katakana there are about 46 main symbols that you need to know. The rest are either modified with "ten ten", "maru", or are glides. 

 Ten Ten

さ ざ

(If you see little boxes above, then the Japanese language pack is not installed on your computer.) 

    The first symbol is "sa" the 2nd one is "za" The two little lines to the top right of the symbol "za" are called "ten ten", they turn a "sa" into a "za" etc. 
 
Maru 

は ぱ

    Here the first one is a "ha", then 2nd one is a "pa".  The little circle in the top right of the "pa" is called "maru". It makes a "ha" into a "pa" etc.

  Glides

plus equals きゃ

Glides are made with any 

plus any 

や ゆ よ.

To make kya,sha, cha, nya,hya, mya, rya, gya, ja, bya, pya etc.

きゃ しゃ ちゃ にゃ ひゃ みゃ りゃ ぎゃ じゃ びゃ ぴゃ


 
                                         Hiragana
                   

 

 

Here is link for Quiz <3! Don't forget you can retake quiz with new questions!

All the highlighted ones need explaining. 

is "shi" not  "si".

is "chi" not "ti". 

is"tsu" not "tu".

is "fu" not "hu", well when you pronounce it, it's like a really strong "hu" sound,  so they changed it to "fu" to make it easyer.

  is just "n".

 

 

Hiragana Voiced flashcards from pretymisty14 on FlashcardDB.

 

Link for quiz <33 ^^

The yellow highlighted hiragana means an irregularity.  Both & mean ji.  And  means zu, like however    is the irregular one.   is used with special words.  It's nothing big to worry about now though. 

    The next bunch are called glides.

They are made with any 

plus any 

や ゆ よ.

They make kyu,shu, chu, nyu, hyu, myu, ryu, gyu, ju, byu, pyu etc.

きゅ しゅ ちゅ にゅ ひゅ みゅ りゅ ぎゅ じゅ びゅ ぴゅ

    

 

Hiragana glides flashcards from pretymisty14 on FlashcardDB.

 

Link for Quiz's X3!!! <33


                                        Katakana

 

 

 

Katakana ^^ flashcards from pretymisty14 on FlashcardDB.

 

Click here for Quiz ^^ =D 

The irregulars are the same in Katakana as in hiragana, I will not repeat them.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Its possible to make other sounds with katakana that's not true in  hiragana, to accommodate certain foreign words.  However they are made with a katakana and a small vowel next to it.  I don't feel the need to make a chart of it.. Also i don't even know if a chart exists.  I'm just letting you know.