Japanese made easy!

Useful words and stuff x3

Useful words: Nouns /Verbs / Adjs / Introduction / Time /

  Counting /Months of the year / Days of the month / Family

The introduction is more advanced than in Lesson 2

 The counting in this lesson is not the same as from lesson 4.

 

                          Useful and Common words

はい Hai - Yes

ええ Ee - Yes (Informal)

いいえ Iie - No

すみません Sumimasen - Excuse me

ごめん なさい Gomen nasai - I'm sorry

さようなら Sayonara - Good bye (formal)

           しつれいします Shitsurei shimasu - Please excuse me 

なに/なん Nani/Nan - What

いつ Itsu - When

だれ Dare - Who

でうして Doushite - Why

どこ Doko - Where

どんな Donna - What kind

どち(ら) Dochi(ra) - which

(*゜ー゜) Top (○^∇^○)

                                            Nouns~

がっこう Gakkou - School

はな Hana - Flower 

そら Sora - Sky

Ki - tree

さくら Sakura - Cherry blossom

たてもの Tatemono - building

 あじ Aji - taste

えいがお Eigao -Smile

そうじ Souji- cleaning

せんたくSentaku - laundry

ひかり Hikari - Light

あい Ai - love

こい Koi - Love

きょう Kyou - today

しゅうまつ Shuumastu - Weekend

 

みせ Mise - store

おんな Onna - women

おとこ Otoko - Man

じょうせい Jousei - Women (polite)

だんせい Dansei - Man (polite)

こども Kodomo - Child

せいふくSeifuku - Uniform

おかね Okane - Money

えん En - Yen (Japanese currency)

ひと Hito - Person

におい Nioi - Smell

おとOto - sound

あした Ashita - Tomorrow

きのう Kinou -Yesterday

しゅうShuu - Week

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                                       Verbs

する Suru - To do

くる Kuru - To come

みる Miru - To see

きく Kiku - To hear

しゃべる Shaberu - To talk

はなす Hanasu - To speak

いく Iku - To go

わらう Warau - To laugh, to smile

おきる Okiru - To wake up

(*゜ー゜) Top (○^∇^○)

いる Iru - To be (people/animals) 

ある Aru - To be (Things)

はしる Hashiru - To run

あるく Aruku - To walk

とぶ Tobu - To fly, to jump

およぐ Oyogu - To swim

たべる Taberu - To eat

のむ Nomu - To drink

ねる Neru - To sleep

あげる Ageru - To give

 

                                         Adjective

あかるい Akarui – Bright, cheerful

たのしい Tanoshii - Fun

あたらしい Atarashii – New

おもしろいOmoshiroi - Interesting

おかしい Okashii - Weird

 おおきい Ookii - Big

せまい Semai - Small, cramp, narrow

ひろい Hiroi - Big, spacious 

くらい Kurai - Dark

おそい Osoi - Late, slow

たかい Takai - Tall, expensive

いそがしい Isogashii - Busy

わるい Warui - Bad

わすい Yasui -  Cheap, inexpensive

むずかしい Muzukashii - hard, difficult

おいしい Oishii - Delicious 

うれしい Ureshii - Happy

しあわせ Shiawase - Blessed, happy

きびしい Kibishii - strict, severe

はずかしい Hazukashii - Embarrassing

さびしい Sabishii -Lonely

 (*゜ー゜) Top (○^∇^○)

あつい Atsui - Hot

あたらしい Atarashii - New

すごい Sugoi - Amazing, great, terrible

おもい Omoi - Heavy

あまい Amai - Sweet

さむい Samui - Cold

すき Suki - To like, To love

きれい Kirei - pretty, clean

えらい Erai - Important, great, terrible, bad

 だいじ Daiji - Important

へん Hen - Weird

うつくしい Utsukushii - Beautiful

ちさい Chisai - Small

かわいい Kawaii - Cute

かこいい Kakoii - Cool, hansom

やさしい Yasashii - Kind, gentle, easy 

めずらしい Mezurashii - Rare, uncommon 

ながい Nagai - Long

つよい Tsuyoi - strong

よわい Yowai - Weak

ふるい Furui - old

かなしい Kanashii - Sad 

 

                                     Introduction

 Remember everything i told you in lesson 2.  I just wanted to give you more information on what people may ask when they meet you. 

なんさいですか Nan sai desu ka? - How old are you?

わたしはーーさいです Watashi ha ----- sai desu - I am _____ years old

どこからきましたか Doko kara kimashita ka? - Where did you come from?

ーーからきました _____ kara kimashita - Im from ______

なにじんですか Nani jin desu ka? - What nationality are you?

When saying a nationality, you say your country name and then "jin じん" after it.  

わたし は アメリカ じん です Watashi ha amerika jin desu  - I'm an American 

がくせい です か  Gakusei desu ka? - Are you a student?

はい,  がくせい です Hai, gakusei desu - Yes i am a student

いいえ、がくせい じゃ ない です Iie, gakusei ja nai desu - No I'm not a student

せんこう は なん です か Senkou ha nan desu ka? - What is your major

なん ねん せい です か Nan nensei desu ka? - What year are you in school

You say the year you are in school by saying the number + nen sei  ねん せい .

ーーねん せい です____ nen sei desu - I am in ____ year in school. 

(*゜ー゜) Top (○^∇^○)

                                            Time

Yay time :3 Remember the counting in lesson 4? If   you remember how to count like that then doing time will be a little easier.  There are some differences though.  When you say the minuets you need to put hun ふんor pun ぷんat the end.  It changes based on the number before it.  

When saying what hour, it is writing the number then "ji " after it.  Ji never changes.  If you want to write how many minutes past that hour you just say the number and then hun ふん or pun ぷん .  Make sure you memorize the certain endings.  Some do change the minute's word.

いち じ Ichi ji – 1:00    に じ はん Ni ji han – 2:30

よ じYo ji – 4:00 ( You must use yo, not yon or shi)

じゅう に じ  Juu ni ji – 12:00          

ご じ に じゅう いっぷん Go ji ni juu ippun – 5:21

     なな じ ご じゅう さん Nana ji go juu san – 7:53      

よ じ よん じゅう よん ふん Yo ji yon juu yon fun – 4:44   

ごご に じ Gogo ni ji -  2:00 pm   

ごせん じゅう はんGozen go juu han - 5:30 am

       なんじ Nan ji - What hour  

なん じかん Nan jikan - How many hours         

              いま は なん じかん です か Ima ha nanji desu ka?       -  What time is it right now?
 
                        なんじ あいます か Nan ji ni aimasu ka?              - What time are you meeting?
 
                          なんじ に ねます か  Nanji ni nemasu ka?           - What time did you go to bed?
 
             なん じかん ねました か  Nan jikan nemashita ka?        - How many hours did you sleep?
 

Ji – hour

じかん Jikan – time

はん Han – half, ½

ごご Gogo – PM

ごぜん Gozen - AM

いっぷん 1 min - Ippun

にふん 2 mins - Ni hun

さんぴん 3 mins- San pun

よんふん 4 mins - Yon hun

ごふん 5 mins - Go hun

ろっぷん 6 mins - Roppun

ななふん 7 mins - Nana hun

はっぷん 8 mins - Happun

きゅうふん 9 mins - Kyuu hun

じゅっぷん 10 mins - Juuppun

                                        Counting

This is a different way of counting than used in time.  Its helpful to learn these for days of the month, and counting certain things.  


 (*゜ー゜) Top (○^∇^○)

ふたつ Futatsu - 2

みっつ Mittsu - 3

よっつ Yottsu - 4

いつつ Itsutsu - 5

  むっつ Muttsu - 6

      ななっつ Nanattsu - 7

やっつ Yattsu - 8

        ここのつ Kokonotsu-  9

とお Too - 10

 

                             Months of the Year

 For the months of the year you say the number of the month then "Gatsu がつ" after it.  Remember unlike for time, for the 4th month you need to use"shi" not yon よん.  Also for the 9th month you use "ku " not "kyu きゅ"

いちがつ Ichi gatsu - January

がつ Ni gatsu - February

さん がつ San gatsu - March

  がつ Shi gatsu - April

がつ Go gatsu - May

ろく がつ Roku gatsu - June

^-^

しち がつShichi gatsu - July

はちがつHachi gatsu - August

がつKu gatsu - September

じゅがつJu gatsu - October

じゅいち がつJu ichi gatsu - November

じゅがつJu ni gatsu - December

(*゜ー゜) Top (○^∇^○)

                                   Days of the Month

1st Tsui tachi ついたち

2nd Fu tsuka ふつか

3rd Mikka みっか

4th Yokka よっか

5th Itsuka いつか

6th Muika むいか

7th Nanoka なのか

8th Yookaよ おか

9th Kokanoka こかのか

10th Tooka とおか

11th Juuichi nichi じゅう いち にち

12th Juuni nichi じゅう に にち

13th Juusan nichi じゅう さん にち

14th Juuyooka じゅう よお にち

15th Juugo nichi じゅう ご にち

 (*゜ー゜) Top (○^∇^○)

16th Juuroku nichi じゅう ろく にち

17th Juushichi nichi じゅう しち にち

18th Juuhachi nichi じゅう はち にち

19th Juuku nichi じゅう く にち

20th Hatsuka はつか

21st  Nijuuichi nichi に じゅう いち にち        

22nd Nijuuni nichi に じゅう に にち

23rd Nijuusan nichi に じゅう さん にち

24th Nijuuyokka に じゅう よっか

25th Nijuugo nichi に じゅう ご にち

26th Nijuuroku nichi に じゅう ろく にち

27th Nijuushichi nichi に じゅう しち にち

28th Nijuuhachi nichi に じゅう はじ にち

29th Ni juu ku nichi に じゅう く にち

30th San juu nichi さん じゅう にち

31st San juu ichi nichi さん じゅう いち にち

 

                                          Family

 かぞく Kazoku - Family

おかあさん, ははうえOokaasan, haha ue – Mother

おとうさん, ちちうえ Otousan, chichi ue – Father

おばさん Obasan – Aunt

おばあさん Obaasan – Grandmother

おじさん Ojisan – Uncle

おじいさん Ojiisan – Grandfather

おにいさん、あにうえOniisan, ani ue – Older brother

おねえさん、あねうえOneesan, Ane ue – Older sister

 おとうとOtouto – Little brother

いもうと Imouto – Little sister

こども Kodomo – Child

りょうしん Ryoushin – Parents

いおこ Itoko – Cousin

むすめ Musume – Daughter

むすこ Musuko – Son

まご Mago – Grand child

(*゜ー゜) Top (○^∇^○)